Speakers are: Prof Dr Jur Stefan Koos (Bundeswehr University- Germany), Dr Melissa Crouch (University of New South Wales -Australia), Khomotso Moshikaro LLB MSc ( Cape Town University - South Africa), Prof Dr Enny Nurbaningsih - (Indonesia.).
Themes in the Seminar consist of Civilized & Fair Democrazy, Clean and Good Governance, Current Issues on International Law, Human Right Protection & State Responsibility, Family Law, Law Enforcement for Legal Certainty Justice & Utility, Developing Business Legal System To Enhance Social Welfare, Current Issues on Corruption, Drug and Human Trafficking and other topics.
Dr Melissa Crouch from University of New South Wales, Australia presented the topic of Legal Culture and the Rule of Law in Indonesia : Religious deference and blasphemy law. Melissa has conducted research in Indonesia and published her book of Law and Religion in Indonesia.
Melissa sees the problem of blasphemy, which means expletives, swearing or blasphemy to God. In Indonesian Court between 1965 and 2000 there are only ten cases of blasphemy. But more than fifty cases entered the court since 2000. Hundred thirty people have been convicted. Most of these cases are from West Java, and then Jakarta, Central Java and other regions. Some cases like Lia Eden, Al-Qiyadah Al-Islamiyyah, Oben Sarbeni, including new case of the Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok) are concerned, as well as the position of MUI Fatwa and positive law in Indonesia
Meanwhile, Prof Dr Stefan Koos presented the topic of “Ethic and Social Responsibility in the Competition Law" and sees that the definition of ethics and morals are difficult to describe perfectly in relation with the definition of law. Koos highlighted the relation between moral and business competition, both fairness and fraudulent in different jurisdictions. Koos tried to see definition of moral from the standpoint of German Civil Code, by taking the example of fair competition in business, consumer behavior, competitor and the meaning of not ethical. Koos used the source of German Civil Code and took example from Unfairness of Commercial Practices in the German Act against Unfair Competition (UWG). Koos emphasized that the Business Competition Law is Economic Law. Fraudulent competition in business is private law. Economic and private law are like one coin with two different sides. Business Competition Law is included in the Business Ethics Law.
The conclusion is Business Ethics is not moral.